The Scottish Rite
Mackey's Revised Encyclopedia of Freemasonry,
Volume 2; Dr. Albert Gallatin Mackey
Some authorities call this the Ancient and Accepted Rite, but as the Latin Constitutions of the Order designate, it as the Antiquus Scoticus Ritus Acceptus, or the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, that title has now been very generally adopted as the correct name of the Rite.
Although one of the youngest of the
Masonic Rites, having been established not earlier than the year 1801, it is
at this day most popular and the most extensively diffused. Supreme Councils
or governing Bodies of the Rite are to be found in almost every civilized
country of the world, and in many of them it is the only Masonic Obedience.
The history of its organization is briefly this: In 1758, a Body was
In 1761, this Council granted a Patent
or Deputation to Stephen Morin, authorizing him to propagate the Rite in the
Western Continent, whither he was about to repair. In the same year, Morin
arrived at the City of
Hayes accordingly appointed Isaac De Costa
Deputy Inspector-General for
There is abundant evidence in the Archives of the Supreme Council that up to that time the twenty-five Degrees of the Rite of Perfection were alone recognized. But suddenly, with the organization of the Supreme Council, there arose a new Rite, fabricated by the adoption of eight more of the continental advanced degrees, so as to make the Thirty-third and not the Twenty-fifth Degree the summit of the Rite.
The Rite consists of thirty-three degrees,which are divided into six sections, each section being under an appropriate Jurisdiction, and are as follows:
sometimes called the Blue or Symbolic Degrees. They are not conferred by the
Scottish Rite in
II. LODGE OF
III. CHAPTER OF R0SE CROIX
IV. COUNCIL OF
OF SUBLIME PRINCES OR MASTERS OF THE ROYAL SECRET
The classification of the above Degrees is as they are arranged in the Southern Jurisdiction. In the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction the Consistory grades begin at Grand Pontiff, the nineteenth, and include the thirty-second, Sublime Prince of the Royal Secret, and the Council of Princes of Jerusalem governs the fifteenth and sixteenth grades. Several of the titles of the Degrees vary in their use by the Supreme Councils but the above table covers most of these variations. The Southern Jurisdiction for example omits the word Grand from the names of the twelfth, fourteenth, nineteenth, twentieth and twenty-ninth grades, and also uses Elu instead of the other designations, omits Commander from the thirty-first, and specifies Master in the thirty-second.